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Sunday, June 17, 2018

Guest Post: Dark Matter: Notes on the Origins of Cosmic Horror by David Peak

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Dark Matter: Notes on the Origins of Cosmic Horror
David Peak

Nothing can be larger than that which is imagined.

The largest thing that can be imagined is the universe.

The universe was created when space and time emerged together.

A concentration of energy and matter became less dense as the universe expanded.

As a result of the continued expansion of the universe, everything will eventually collapse.

The threat of total collapse is the origin of horror.

Horror is concurrently that which is and that which should not be.

In horror, that which is is the self and that which should not be is the other.

The other is an extension of the self, which does not exist.

That which does not exist cannot be known; therefore the reality of the self is impossible.

The only way to define the self is to look inward—to collapse the inside into the outside—and, once more on the outside, the other cannot be known.

Reality of the other is impossible.

Reality itself is impossible.

Only in understanding that reality is impossible can we fathom the depthlessness of nonexistence.

After the birth of existence, as the universe cooled, subatomic particles formed, then atoms.

Giant clouds then merged to form galaxies and stars.

The majority of the universe consists of dark matter and dark energy, both of which are invisible to the electromagnetic spectrum.

While dark energy affects the universe’s expansion, the nature of dark matter remains unknown, and in this sense dark matter is the origin of ruins.

All life dwells in the age of ruin—in which the nature of life is unknown.

We do not see reality for what it is—we see it for what it once was and will never be again.
Much like the schizophrenic who cannot differentiate between the voices in his head and the voices of others, we remain haunted by our memories—of the past, of unrealized futures—visited by that which is uninvited.
Our visitors—these uninvited voices—are ghosts from beyond the age of ruin.
The ghost is a representation of humankind’s one true desire: life beyond death.
The ghost can never be separate from wishful thinking of an afterlife.
Wishful thinking—or naively wanting to believe that what has happened cannot have happened, that what cannot be must be—is the origin of trauma.
Trauma tethers—or grounds—our memories to the floating ruins of the world.
We embody trauma until we give into death—and only then are we released.
We do not know where consciousness slips away to when we die.
Only material evidence limits the powers of imagination, and our own death is beyond our experience.
That which is beyond our experience is understood through speculation.
We can only speculate as to how planets are formed.
Scientific theories of how planets are formed differ from the myths that have passed down from one generation to the next.
Conditions on our planet allow for the sustainability of life as we know it.
It is statistically unlikely that life on our planet should exist, yet the human species has evolved over the course of tens of millions of years.
The living organism, exposed to the outer world, serves as an organ for receiving stimuli.
Consciousness was raised by the effects of external stimulation.
A heightened level of consciousness is the origin of language.
As evolved creatures, we have been gifted with speech.
In thought, there is only language.
Reality is consciousness—it is not what is—and language forms consciousness.
The world, in its entirety, is an expression of our language.
Out in the world, we are tasked only with survival.
Our sensory organs evolved as a means of increasing the odds of our survival.
Our ability to survive resulted in our continued evolution.
We understand the world by interpreting our senses.
Our senses are translated as language—our innermost thoughts, secrets, and fantasies—and in this way, we are deceived by our senses.
The world is not what it is—what we believe it to be—the world is a fiction—what we hope it to be.
Fiction is illusion created by language.
Fiction is a representation of the way we would like things to be, rather than the way things are.
We cannot ever understand the way things are because reality is beyond experience.
Reality is impossible; only the image is pure.
Once the image has been translated into language it ceases to exist in its pure form—and once the image has been translated it has been corrupted.
Fiction can only show us the knowable, including that which can be imagined.
Only the unknowable is what is real—that which is outside illusion, beyond corruption.
Only in moments of experiencing what is real can we transcend the utter corruption of language.
Over time we have learned to rely on a shared languagethe binding of a social contract—a means of engaging in coexistence with others.
In sharing language we constructed our own mythology.
Our mythology is an attempt to explain to ourselves how we got here and why we exist.
These things we tell ourselves—our innermost thoughts, secrets, and fantasies—are material evidence—the so-called proof of our existence—the limits of imagination.
The need to prove our existence is the origin of anxiety.
Anxiety is found hiding in the space we occupy—rather than within ourselves.
We cannot escape the space we occupy; only the collapse can set us free.
After the collapse—and here we must speculate—dark matter will emerge as what is real.
We know only what dark matter is not—rather than what it might be—and therefore the shape of dark matter is defined by its shadow.
It is the shadow of the beyond that gives shape to the world.
It is the abyss that lies in wait beneath the world that gives meaning to the fall.
As the abyss encroaches upon all life—when we are expelled into the dark—then, and only then, can we experience what must be referred to as true cosmic horror.

Further reading:
Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species
Sigmund Freud, Beyond the Pleasure Principle
ren Kierkegaard, The Concept of Anxiety: A Simple Psychologically Oriented Deliberation in View of the Dogmatic Problem of Hereditary Sin
Lucretius, On the Nature of Things
Quentin Meillassoux, After Finitude: An Essay on the Necessity of Contingency
Thomas Metzinger, The Ego Tunnel: The Science of the Mind and the Myth of the Self
Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil
Arthur Schopenhauer, The World as Will and Presentation Volume II
Dylan Trigg, Topophobia: A Phenomenology of Anxiety
Roberto Trotta, “Dark Matter: Probing the Arche-Fossil,” in Collapse Volume II

Interview: J.R. Moore / Black Mountain Transmitter

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I would like to welcome to The Plutonian, J.R. Moore! J.R. Moore is the one-man band behind the mysteriously dark and sinister Black Mountain Transmitter albums. Black Mountain Transmitter plays like a cross between the best 1970’s horror soundtracks and ambient/noise bands like Bastard Noise or The Haxan Cloak. I highly recommend Plutonian readers to check out his work.

Thanks Scott. A pleasure to be here.

I know as a lifelong industrial/noise/dark ambient fan, it’s difficult talking to random people about what kind of music I like and listen to since they literally don’t have any kind of way to relate to pop music, or why anyone would want to listen to something that sounds like a jackhammer going through metal. When you have people over, usually they don’t want to listen to the new Merzbow or Lustmord album. You end up kind of being a secret obsessive, listening to albums by yourself and ordering all kinds of obscure albums through the mail. Can you talk about what first got you interested in this kind of music and your experiences being a fan of non-mainstream music?

When I was around 12 years old a music teacher at school put on a record and introduced us to  Penderecki's Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima. That was a serious mind-blowing experience hearing that piece at that age, to say the least. I'm certain it warped my young brain and started my interest in those kinds of sounds.  I was already a horror addict by then so that was the only frame of reference I had for something that sounded like that; "Scary Music".

Growing up in Northern Ireland through the 1980's and early '90's it was very difficult to find music outside the mainstream. Information was scarce, occasionally a review or name drop in a music magazine article, but albums were almost impossible to track down. Thankfully the central library had a decent sized section of modern classical LPs which I loaned and copied to cassette, obsessively writing down their liner notes. When I moved to London to study for a few years it became much easier to buy a lot of music I'd only ever read about. The record shops there were a hell of a lot better than the ones at home! Now everything is online, YouTube is stuffed with rips of even the most obscure experimental music. I often wonder what it would have been like if I'd had access to something like that all those years ago.

I'm lucky in that most of my friends have quite similar tastes, so it's not usually a problem to play a lot of weird stuff when we get together.  I do listen to a very wide range of music though, some of which is even mainstream. My tastes can often surprise people.

I remember the first time I listened to bands like Einsturzende Neubauten, Dissecting Table, Skinny Puppy, etc and how mind-blowing they were. What are some of the most influential bands/albums on you?

In my early teens, I stumbled across a copy of Tangerine Dream's "Ricochet" LP at a local library and immediately became obsessed with them. That was a big entryway into atmospheric electronic music for me and I still cite their albums from the 1970's as a major influence.  A few years later discovering the music of early Industrial acts like Throbbing Gristle, SPK, Cabaret Voltaire and Neubauten was another milestone. The early encounter with Penderecki had also led me to further explore the work of modern composers like Cage, Stockhausen, Ligeti, and Xenakis. A lot of what they were doing in the 1950s and 60s was even further out than the Industrial stuff. Of course the film soundtracks of John Carpenter & Alan Howarth, Fabio Frizzi and Goblin were also of great importance. Special mention has to go to Carl Zittrer's wacked out, ghoulish electronic score to "Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things". Absolute perfection!

I don't make any distinctions between genres. I can rate a nasty piece of electronic sound from a horror film alongside anything by a 'highbrow' composer. If it sounds good, it sounds good.

I know you are also a big fan of horror in fiction. Some of your albums titles like Black Goat of the Woods, or The Unsettled Dust, pay homage to classic horror short stories. What are some of your favorite stories in the horror genre?

I like to drop those little references into my work, it's kind of like paying my dues to the things that have influenced me. If it leads anyone who might not already be aware to track down a particular book, story or film then all the better.

Like so many others I discovered Stephen King ('Salem's Lot, The Stand and It are all favourites), and through him, Lovecraft in my early teens. "The Colour Out of Space" is still probably my favourite of HPL's for its descriptions of that terribly blighted backwoods landscape and the horrors inside the farmhouse. A masterful work. I originally heard of Thomas Ligotti in the early 2000's through his connection with Current 93 and bought the huge The Nightmare Factory collection. It's hard to describe the impact of reading that had on me. It's almost impossible to pick a favourite Ligotti piece, but "The Shadow At the Bottom Of the World is one I often return to and read every year on the first day of Autumn. The Bungalow House is another  I've re-read countless times. Perfection. Over the past few years, I've been discovering many contemporary writers and it's hard to keep up with the recommendations that regularly appear on facebook posts. Matthew M. Bartlett's Gateways To Abomination was the big discovery of the past few years for me with his totally original and absolutely demented style. That he was also writing about goats, woods and transmitters seemed like some weird synchronicity. Christopher Slatsky's Alectroymancer collection and Jon Padgett's Secret Of Ventriloquism (The Infusorium was a highlight for me) were other stand-out reads from the past few years. I recently finished Brian Evenson's "A Collapse Of Horses", the subtly disintegrating and warping realities of his pieces are hard to shake off. I'm currently finishing up Jonathan Raab's The Hillbilly Moonshine Massacre and loving its crazy gonzo spirit. Then I have a copy of Livia Llewellyn's "Furnace" waiting to get started on, the title story was a favourite in another collection.

My main problem is I'm a slow reader and don't get as much time as I'd like to read beyond an hour or so in the evening. There are probably more books at home than I'll ever get through, yet every week they keep piling up!

I think what was the gateway drug for me getting into industrial/noise etc was at first loving horror film soundtracks. Alien, Eraserhead, Tetsuo: The Iron Man, Messiah of Evil, Halloween, etc all have such evocative soundtracks. I think you can make a straight line from the abrasive The Texas Chainsaw Massacre soundtrack to industrial bands like Throbbing Gristle and SPK. Do you think the horror soundtrack was influential on industrial/noise/ambient music?

There is certainly an amount of horror film soundtrack DNA in noise and dark ambient music, especially my own. But I'm certain that both worlds draw on the sounds that were pioneered by the great experimental modern composers with their discordant strings, heavy percussion and Musique Concrète electronic tape noise, a lot of which was made decades before. As I noted earlier, I was watching horror films (and reading horror fiction) from a young age and their soundtracks certainly soaked into my bones. Seeing Chain Saw Massacre and hearing Wayne Bell and Tobe Hooper's ominous, clanking and droning score was an epiphany on a level with hearing the Penderecki at school. Eraserhead was another one that presented a completely original sound world of hissing radiators, air vents, and factory noise. Low budget trashy horror films with primitive electronic/synthesizer scores were another love. When I started buying records I was looking for something that captured the same sort of horrifying sonic thrill so I naturally gravitated towards noise, industrial and experimental.

Do you prefer creating music or playing it live? How has the audience reception of your live performances been?

Live performance is something I only do very occasionally, once or twice a year at most. I avoided it for a long time mainly due to technical reasons. I'm a one-man band and it's not easy to replicate my messy recording processes or bring all my gear and do something live on stage. So my live sets are more like a real-time mixing of recorded material and it takes a lot of work to prepare for a forty minute performance. I do enjoy the aspect of getting out and meeting people at shows and the reaction has always been very positive, even from those who wouldn't normally listen to the sort of thing I do. That aspect does encourage me to do it more often, along with the thrill of hearing what I'm doing through a good loud PA system.  But I'm a studio musician at heart and it's sitting working alone at home that makes me happiest.

How does your recording process work? Are your tracks recorded live and improvised? Or do you work to a pre-arranged structure?

I generally start working from a definite concept and often ideas are sparked by a phrase from something I've been reading, which leads to a feeling for a certain atmosphere I want to create. Recording begins as a haphazard process, usually starting with a single sound around which I'll improvise and build up textures using various synthesizers, bass and guitar,  junk percussion and FX pedals. Over weeks or months these sessions build up on the hard drive and when I feel I have enough sounds to draw from I start to shape a final composition, giving structure to all the previously recorded material. There is a lot of further processing, mangling, decomposing and mixing at this stage. Eventually, I have something polished and ready for release. I'm not constantly working on music, it's something I have to be very much in the mood for and I can go for months at a time without doing anything. Just one of the reasons there have only been a small handful of BMT releases over the past 10 years.

Your Black Mountain Transmitter albums I find to be very evocative and darkly entrancing. They play like soundtracks to horror films not yet created. What is your goal in creating a Black Mountain Transmitter album, what kind of effect would you like to have on your listener?

I have to say if I ever get the chance to soundtrack a horror film I could die happy...
When I started recording I thought of the work as 'imaginary soundtracks'. Now I'm more inclined to see them as having a stand-alone narrative in their own right, something like a Weird Tale in sonic form. Atmosphere is very important to me, as is creating a piece of music which takes the listener on a journey through some haunted landscape. I would hope a BMT recording can have the same effect as watching a good horror film or reading an unsettling piece of fiction. On a side note, I've been particularly awed with the response I've had to my work from various writers in the Horror/Weird field who have told me they enjoy working whilst listening to BMT. Very gratifying to say the least!

How did you come to choose Black Mountain Transmitter as the name of your musical identity?

The Black Mountain Transmitter is a well known local feature which sits amidst the hills around Belfast where I live. It's an old radio and television transmitter, still in use actually. There was always something very evocative about the name when I first heard it as a child. Back then I enjoyed playing with the radio, tuning between stations and hearing static, strange tones and garbled voices; in my mind, those eerie receptions were coming from a rusted and hulking structure sending out mysterious signals from a lonely hillside. When I started recording and was looking for a name for the project it immediately came to mind.

So what does the future hold for Black Mountain Transmitter? Any new projects or news you would like to talk about?

At the moment I'm working on a very special project, soundtracking readings by Matthew M. Bartlett from his "Of Doomful Portent" collection. This will be released on Cadabra Records who are doing stunning work with horror spoken word LPs. Aaron Alfrey is doing the artwork. So, it's a great pleasure and honor to be involved with that. On the 14th July, I'll be performing a live set at the "Witch Cults" one-day event in Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, England. It's organized by the people behind the Folk Horror Revival Facebook community and features film screenings, talks, and live music. I'm currently waiting on delivery of a repress of the "Black Goat of The Woods" CD. It's been out of print for a few years now but still very much in demand, so I decided to reissue it via my own Lysergic Earwax label and I'm hoping to have it back on sale early July. Lastly, there is a new album in the works. It will be the final part of a trilogy with  "Black Goat" and "Playing With Dead Things". The aim is to have it ready for Autumn or Winter this year but I've been hoping to get it finished and out over the past few years and it still hasn't happened yet.  Life often gets in the way of these plans! I have a few vague ideas for projects after that, time will tell...

Thanks again for inviting me on to The Plutonian.

Find more info and music from Black Mountain Transmitter at https://lysergicearwax.bandcamp.com/

Monday, May 14, 2018

HV Hyche's Film Review: Dont Deliver Us From Evil and Poison For The Fairies.

 Since my inaugural essay for The Plutonian was about a non-stop gore-fest, I decided to go in a different direction this time.  Instead of covering one film, I will be covering two: Joel Séria’s 1971 French film, DON’T DELIVER US FROM EVIL and Carlos Enrique Taboada’s 1984 Mexican film, POISON FOR THE FAIRIES. I selected these films because they would make a superb double feature. I also chose these because I have an intense love of genre films with female protagonists, and these films are certainly no exception.

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 DON’T DELIVER US FROM EVIL follows two teenage heathens, Anne de Boissy (played by the director’s wife at the time, Jeanne Goupil) and Lore Fournier (actress Catherine Wagner) as they intentionally commit sins in order to please their Master: Satan himself.  Both girls attend an extremely conservative Catholic boarding school, where they get their kicks by making up outrageous stories to tell the priest during confession. When Summer break begins, the girls return to their respective homes. When Anne’s mother and father leave for a vacation without her, she invites Lore to stay with her.  It is at this point that the somewhat harmless pranks and games the girls had been playing begin to turn far more sinister. They often use their sexuality to taunt and frustrate men; however, the girls become closer each day, and eventually, it is implied that they have become lovers. After Lore began hitting on a local man as a joke, he attempted to rape her.  Luckily, she got away, but the girls still decided to get revenge by setting the man’s house on fire. Soon after that incident, Anne and Lore made a plan to poison the many beloved birds that belonged to the groundskeeper, Léon. They were going to poison one at a time, but one day, Anne killed one of the small birds in her bare hands. That was the only time Anne showed any remorse for her wrongdoings.  She is the alpha of the two girls, so seeing her upset was quite a shock.

 To show how committed they are to Satan, the girls held a secret ceremony in an abandoned chapel they found, so they could fully dedicate themselves and their actions to Satan.  Soon after the ceremony, the girls commit their worst crime yet: they commit a murder. I don’t want to spoil the ending for those of you have yet to see it. However, it does have one hell (pun not intended) of an ending which involves extreme chaos and flames.

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 POISON FOR THE FAIRIES  is a story about two young girls named Flavia (Elsa María Gutiérrez) and Verónica (Ana Patricia Rojo).  Flavia is a new student at the Catholic school Verónica attends. When it becomes clear to Verónica that Flavia comes from a wealthy family - unlike Verónica herself - she becomes extremely jealous.  In order to get closer to Flavia, Verónica tries to impress her by explaining that she is a witch - a subject Verónica is very familiar with because her nanny exclusively reads books about witches to her as bedtime stories.  Flavia doesn’t believe Verónica at all, but she grows less skeptical and a bit frightened when Verónica predicts certain things that will occur - things that happened to be mere coincidences. With Flavia now being quite scared, Verónica uses her fear against her and begins to push Flavia around.  She even threatens Flavia with black magic in order to make poor Flavia’s life a living hell if she doesn’t obey Verónica or give her whatever she wants - including Flavia’s own puppy.

Verónica’s aunt informs her that fairies are enemies of witches.  Because of this, Verónica then forces Flavia to invite her along on a family trip to Flavia’s parents’ vacation house in the country.  Verónica uses the trip as an opportunity to collect a long list of gross items to create a poison that will kill fairies. When Flavia finds out what Verónica is doing, she becomes so terrified and angry that she snaps.  Once again, I don’t want to ruin the endings of these films. However, much like DON’T DELIVER US FROM EVIL, POISON FOR THE FAIRIES also ends in flames!

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I believe both films compliment each other in many ways.  Their similarities along with their differences are what make watching them back-to-back so enjoyable!  It is very easy for me to imagine the very young girls from POISON FOR THE FAIRIES growing up to be the teenagers in DON’T DELIVER US FROM EVIL.  One of the most obvious similarities is how both films end in flames, which I pointed out in the synopses of the films. I believe in both films, the girls set the fires as a big “fuck you!” to the people who crossed them.  For example, in DON’T DELIVER US FROM EVIL, the act is meant to shock, terrify, and outrage as many people as possible.
As for the differences between the films, DON’T DELIVER US FROM EVIL was very loosely based on the true crime story known as the Parker-Hume murder case that took place in New Zealand in 1954.  In 1994, Peter Jackson directed HEAVENLY CREATURES, which is a much more accurate portrayal of the case. I definitely prefer DON’T DELIVER US FROM EVIL because of how outrageous it can be! Even though the Parker- Hume case has not officially been attributed to influencing POISON FOR THE FAIRIES, it seems entirely plausible that some elements of the film could have been influenced by it.

Another major difference between the films is probably the most important: the relationships between Anne and Lore in DON’T DELIVER US FROM EVIL and Flavia and Verónica in POISON FOR THE FAIRIES. Throughout their film, Anne and Lore grow closer and closer each day.  Anne even becomes protective of Lore and even saves her at one point. During a summer vacation Lore’s parents make her attend, she writes Anne the following letter:

 “My darling, it’s been ten days since we’ve parted, and I’m as unhappy as I can possibly be.”

Unfortunately, Flavia and Verónica have a “friendship” that is far more complicated.  To me, it seemed as if Flavia was initially very happy to make a new friend on her first day of school, but the jealous and power-hungry Verónica had an entirely different motive: intimidate and scare Flavia until she was completely submissive when around Verónica.  Unfortunately for the once skeptical Flavia, the plan eventually worked. In short, Anne and Lore were extremely close, and it was them vs. the world. As for Verónica and Flavia, they constantly battled each other.

Personally, I love both of these films.  As I stated in the first paragraph, some of my all-time favorite genre films revolve around women - especially young women.  In fact, in POISON FOR THE FAIRIES, Anne and Verónica are the only characters that show their entire faces (with the exception of a brief shot of Verónica’s grandmother).  You only hear adults - you never see them. I really like that because it definitely keeps you focused on the two main characters. If you are in the mood for dark, yet morbidly fun films, you should definitely give these a chance.  If you can, I highly recommend screening them back-to-back. If you don’t, you’ll be missing out on witchcraft, secret ceremonies, murder, and Satan worship… and no one wants to miss out on all of that!